Post-CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” – Culture-environment interaction and human mobility in the Late QuaternaryCopyright: © Schweizerbart Science Publishers
Activities post-CRC 806
The SFB 806 came to an end in 2021 after a duration of more than 12 years. At the end, a summarizing colloquium was held and a comprehensive final publication was produced:
Litt, T., Richter, J., Schäbitz, F. (Eds.) (2021). The Journey of Modern Humans from Africa to Europe - Culture-Environmental Interaction and Mobility. Schweizerbart Science Publishers, Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-510-65534-2
Despite the official end of the project, we are still active in the research area that was worked on in the SFB "Our Way to Europe". Within 12 years, we have gained many insights and been able to answer diverse reseearch questions, but above all, numerous follow-up questions have arisen. In addition, 12 years of research and seven successful dissertations have left us with a large amount of field and laboratory data that hold great potential for further evaluation.
On the one hand, our PhD student Bruno Boemke is working on the geostatistical analysis of archaeological and geoscientific data on a Central European scale. In the context of this he has recently published a paper in the Journal of Maps:
Boemke, B., Einwögerer, T., Händel, M., Lehmkuhl, F. (2022). Upper Palaeolithic site probability in Lower Austria - a geoarchaeological multi-factor approach. Journal of Maps. doi:10.1080/17445647.2021.2009926
On the other hand, our former colleagues Dr. Janina Nett (née Bösken) and Dr. Stephan Pötter are still active and in close cooperation with us in the publication of remaining results.
In addition, we are happy to welcome Daniel Veres in our team. Within the framework of a Humboldt scholarship, he works as an experienced postdoc on different research questions concerning the Pleistocene and Holocene landscape development in Southeast Europe.
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The Collaborative Research Centre 806, for short CRC 806, investigates the population dynamics and dispersal processes of anatomically modern humans from northeast Africa to central Europe during the last approximately 190,000 years. This is approached by a combination of archeological and geoscientific methods in order to understand the relationship between the predominant palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic conditions and the migration and dispersal of Homo sapiens. The CRC is divided into several regional and methodological research projects collaborating between the Universities of Cologne, Bonn and the RWTH Aachen University. The Institute of Geography at the RWTH Aachen University is participating in the so called B1 project, that investigates the “Eastern Trajectory” of Homo sapiens migration into Europe, and the D1 project, which investigates one of the sink regions of this migration in central Europe. The regional focus of the geographical team lies in Jordan, the Middle and Lower Danube Basin, Austria, Germany, Belgium, and northern France. Methodologically, the investigations focus on sedimentological, geochemical, and photospectrometric analysis, accompanied by geochronological investigation at the University of Cologne.
Dispersal of Homo sapiens
The dispersal of Homo sapiens started around 190,000 years before present in Africa and seems to have been interrupted in Levant at least once. The first occurrence of Homo sapiens in the Levant is indicated at about 100,000 years before present by fossil finds, but unaccompanied by major changes in the Middle Palaeolithic material culture. A recent type of Homo sapiens then appears around 46,000 to 35,000 years before present and is only then associated with a genuine Near Eastern Upper Palaeolithic material culture called the Ahmarian. Until today, both the circumstances for this break and a possible interference with already established western Eurasian Neanderthal populations are under discussion.Copyright: © 2017 CRC 806 - Our Way to Europe
Around 35,000 years ago the oldest Homo sapiens fossils in Western and Central Europe were found in Romania, but unfortunately these finds were isolated. The oldest unequivocal Homo sapiens fossils in Western and Central Europe found in an archaeological context were dated to around 31,000 years before present. This shows that neither the human type of the earliest Upper Palaeolithic nor the kind of lithic industry associated to the earliest Homo sapiens in Europe are known. This lack of information not only brings up the question about their cultural background, but at the same time hampers archaeological links between the Levantine and European early Upper Palaeolithic industries. Furthermore, it is still not clear whether these earliest anatomically modern human groups were the founders of the European Upper Palaeolithic population, or if later Upper Palaeolithic waves of immigrating Homo sapiens replaced them.
The “sink” region, in particular the Rhine-Meuse Area, is characterized by anatomically modern human presence in two periods. The first colonization of the Rhineland between 35,000 and 30,000 years ago – during the so called Aurignacian – and recolonization phase after the last glacial maximum between 20,000 and 14,000 years before present – during the Magdalenian. Since 2009 several loess-palaeosol sequence in the Rhine-Meuse area, southern Germany and the Harz foreland have been investigated to increase our understanding of the palaeoecological impact on modern human occupation.
|Duration||07/2009 - 06/2021|
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Richter – Institute of Prehistory and Early History, University of Cologne